The initial exhibition and reception of The Rape of Persephone marks a key moment in Gottlieb's public presentation of his views on painting. First shown in 1943 at the Third Annual Exhibition of The Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors in New York, the canvas was among the paintings that New York Times art critic Edward Alden Jewell singled out to illustrate the hopeless incomprehensibility of recent modernist art. Another work so mentioned was The Syrian Bull by Mark Rothko, a painter with whom Gottlieb had been working closely for several years. Wrote Jewell,"You will have to make of Marcus Rothko's 'The Syrian Bull' what you can; nor is this department prepared to shed the slightest enlightenment when it comes to Adolph Gottlieb's 'Rape of Persephone."
THE FEDERATION OF MODERN PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS
American Modernist & Abstract Painter
Throughout his life, Browne was a champion for abstract art. In the 1930s, Browne worked for the WPAs mural division, completing some of the first abstract murals in the country for Studio D at radio station WNYC, the U.S. Passport office in Rockefeller Center, the Chronic Disease Hospital, the Williamsburg Housing Project, and the 1939 Worlds Fair. In the 1940s, he picketed the Museum of Modern art in New York protesting their lack of acknowledgment of American Abstract artists. Browne married Rosalind Benglesdorf in 1940, a painter and writer, who also spoke out in defense of abstract art and was a member of the American Abstract Artists along with her husband.In 1939 he worked on a mural for the Worlds Fair as well as a painting in the American Exhibition. Co-founded the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors.
Dorothy Eisner (1906-1984)
Art Students League
Academie Grand Chaumiere, Paris
Society of Independent Artists
National Association of Women Painters
Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors (founding)